Tuesday, August 1, 2017

Best Treatment For Depression You Should Consider


best treatment for depression
What is the best treatment for depression?. It’s absolutely uneasy to answer this question. Especially if we ourselves experience it as well. Each individual who experiences depression is extraordinary, and the misery they encounter is because of various causes. Subsequently there is no single, non specific response to this inquiry. You should also be kind to your friends if they had depression.

The Best Treatment For Depression, Mild Depression

The main part of depression to consider while supporting treatment is the seriousness of the depression itself. Where gloom is gentle, the utilization of antidepressants is best maintained a strategic distance from. We should consider it to the best treatment of depression if had mild depression as well. Looking for the underlying driver of the depression and rolling out suitable life improvements is more helpful in instances of mellow sorrow than basically gulping a pill.

The Best Treatment For Depression, Severe Depression

At the point when depression is direct to extreme, antidepressants might be helpful, especially in the here and now to permit the sufferer a "breathing space". Constant direct to serious dejection is to a great degree weakening and sufferers as a rule require a break from the steady passionate torment that goes with sadness. They likewise require a chance to reorient themselves in order to start the main endeavors to bring enduring change into their lives. This should we consider also to choose the best treatment of depression.

Combination Therapy To The Best Treatment For Depression

Direct depression reacts well to a mix of solution and guiding. The solution furnishes the patient with a more steady stage on which to work with their concern, and guiding in its different structures gives the patient a feeling of comprehension and course. There exists a heap of various guiding medicines accessible to advisors, which are for the most part carefully fit to the requirements of every patient. Frequently way of life changes, including dispensing with settled in speculation designs, are required with the end goal for depression to be for all time eased. Drug may help in a large number of these cases to the best treatment for depression.

Nonetheless, many individuals discover stimulant solution hard to endure and sadly most antidepressants are joined by a large group of symptoms. Consequently, many individuals quit the solution course. Be that as it may, when antidepressants are required, it is essential to comprehend that occasionally a wide range of solutions may should be attempted, here and there upwards of ten distinct sorts, before the correct one is found. Obviously, this consistent change of medicine is to a great degree upsetting for the sufferer. Lamentably there is no simple route around this issue.

Electric Shock Therapy

In situations where pharmaceutical neglects to have any impact on the depression effectively, Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT) might be required. ECT includes going a current through the mind under anesthesia, which brings about an grand mal seizure. ECT is utilized if all else fails for seriously discouraged patients when energizer treatment has fizzled. Despite the fact that it conveys various symptoms, including memory misfortune, for a few patients it can be exceptionally compelling. In spite of its numerous times of utilization, the component by which it works remains to a great extent obscure.

Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation/TMS

Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) is an option treatment measure for major depressive disorder issues that was cleared by the FDA in 2008. On my own judgement, TMS is the best treatment for depression together with combination therapy. TMS uses attractive heartbeats that are conveyed through a curl put on the patient's head, focusing on the prefrontal cortex of the cerebrum. The innovation utilized is like that of a MRI machine. The attractive heartbeats initiate electrical streams that can "wake up" torpid or underactive mind cells situated in the mind-set focal point of the cerebrum, the limbic locale. Over the 4-6 week course of medicines, TMS would rebalance be able to the mind's science, which frequently means reduction.

Tuesday, May 30, 2017

Secrets Your Parents Never Told You About Medicine For Anxiety Disorder

Medicine for anxiety disorder is mostly safe and effective and is commonly utilized in conjunction with medical aid. Medication is also a short-run or semipermanent treatment choice, betting on severity of symptoms, different medical conditions, and different individual circumstances. However, it usually takes time and patience to seek out the drug that works best for you. Treatment typically consists of a mix of pharmacotherapy and or psychotherapy. Medicine for anxiety disorder is very important within the treatment of anxiety disorders. Significantly the newer agents, that have a safer adverse result profile and better easy use than the older antidepressant drug antidepressants (TCAs), like selective 5-hydroxytryptamine uptake inhibitors (SSRIs).
Antidepressants that don't seem to be FDA-approved for the treatment of a given mental disorder, like antidepressant drug and mirtazapine, still is also helpful. Older antidepressants, like TCAs and MAO inhibitors (MAOIs), are also effective within the treatment of some anxiety disorders. Behavioral medical aid and CBT have an incontestable effectively through controlled studies. Processed CBT (Cognitive Behavioral Therapy) has been counseled for panic and anxiety disorder by the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence pointers (NICE).

Psychotherapy

Psychodynamic medical aid (or insight-oriented therapy) isn't indicated as an associate in nursing exclusive treatment for anxiety and is currently principally used for cases of neurotic disorders that overlap temperament disorders. Social psychotherapy or inter-personal therapy (IPT) has conjointly shown some effectivity. Eight trials examined the utilization of IPT for anxiety disorders and located massive effects as compared with management teams. There was no proof suggesting that IPT is a smaller amount effective than CBT for anxiety.

Variety of Medicine for Anxiety Disorder

Four major categories of medicines area unit utilized in the treatment of hysteria disorders: Selective 5-hydroxytryptamine uptake Inhibitors (SSRIs) SSRIs relieve symptoms by obstruction the biological process, or uptake, of 5-hydroxytryptamine by sure nerve cells within the brain. This leaves a lot of 5-hydroxytryptamine on the market, that improves mood. SSRIs (citalopram, escitalopram, fluoxetine, paroxetine, and sertraline) usually made fewer aspect effects in comparison with antidepressant drug antidepressants. However, common aspect effects embody sleep disorder or somnolence, sexual pathology, and weight gain. They're thought-about an efficient treatment for all anxiety disorders, though the treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder, or OCD, generally needs higher doses. SSRIs are indeed medicine for anxiety disorder.
Serotonin-Norepinephrine uptake Inhibitors (SNRIs) The serotonin-norepinephrine uptake matter, or SNRI, category (venlafaxine and duloxetine) is notable for a twin mechanism of action: increasing the amount of the neurotransmitters 5-hydroxytryptamine and vasoconstrictive by inhibiting their biological process into cells within the brain. Like different medications, aspect effects might occur, as well as dyspepsia, insomnia, headache, sexual pathology, and minor increase in force per unit area. These medications area unit thought-about as effective as SSRIs, in order that they are thought-about a first-line treatment, significantly for the treatment of generalized mental disorder. SRNIs are also medicine for anxiety disorder as well.
Benzodiazepines are indeed medicine for anxiety disorder. This category of medicine is usually used for short-run management of hysteria. Benzodiazepines (alprazolam, clonazepam, diazepam, and lorazepam) area unit extremely effective in promoting relaxation and reducing muscular tension and different physical symptoms of hysteria. Semipermanent use might need augmented doses to realize constant result, which can result in issues associated with tolerance and dependence.
Another medicine for anxiety disorder are Tricyclic Antidepressants. They concerning semipermanent use of the benzodiazepines light-emitting diode several doctors to favor antidepressant drug antidepressants (amitriptyline, imipramine, and nortriptyline). Though effective within the treatment of hysteria, they will cause vital aspect effects, as well as hypotension (drop in force per unit area on standing), constipation, retentiveness, dry mouth, and fuzzy vision. Contact your doctor if you expertise aspect effects, notwithstanding you're undecided an indication is caused by drugs. Don't stop taking a drugs while not consulting with the prescribing physician; abrupt termination might cause different health risks. Medications can work on condition that they're taken according to the specific directions of your doctor, however, they will not resolve all symptoms of Associate in Nursing mental disorder.
Clinical trials have shown that Ketalar will elevate depression in hours, or perhaps minutes, a lot of quicker than the foremost unremarkably used medicinal drug medications on the market today; they usually take weeks to require result. Also, the medicinal drug effects of one dose of Ketalar will last for every week or longer. However, it conjointly has properties that build it a possible drug of abuse, that limits its quality as a depression medication.

Help Folks With Anxiety Disorder

Pharmacotherapy, psychological feature and behavioral psychotherapy, and different psychological treatment modalities area unit all accustomed treat mental disorder. Per the rule of thumb, there's skimpy proof to advocate any of those medical specialty or psychosocial approaches as superior to the others, or to habitually order a mix of treatments over monotherapy. Patient preference, and also the availableness of pharmacotherapy and specialised psychosocial treatments ought to be taken into thought once selecting initial medical aid for anxiety disorder. Reassure and calm the patient.
Untreated anxiety attacks will subside ad libitum among 20-30 minutes, particularly with support and a relaxing atmosphere. Transport the patient to a medical treatment facility to exclude medical causes of the primary attack or once suspected of subsequent attacks.

Thursday, May 25, 2017

Is There Any Natural Medicine For Anxiety?


Are there days once everybody you speak to and see appears “overwhelmed”? And, perhaps, are you among the swamped yourself? Then it’s time to appear into natural drugs for anxiety. Is anxiety new? No. However scientist, sociologists and cultural anthropologists, yet as spiritual and religious thinkers and writers, concur: anxiety is a lot of a recognized world development than in generations past. Whereas pharmaceutical fixes promise instant organic compound facilitate, natural drugs for anxiety could provide a lot of enduring, long solutions. During the past period, a massive vocab of jargon has sprung up around pop psych and help, to not mention junk science. A number of its useful. Abundant of its deceptive. However let’s attempt to get a collective grip on the essential term. Natural medicine for anxiety is still controversive till now indeed.

What Is Anxiety?

What is anxiety, exactly? Anxiety is irrational concern, generated by the mind, emotions and neurons. This distinguishes anxiety from stress. Stress could be a response to a direct condition, like snarl-up on the superhighway. Anxiety is what you are feeling, dressed for add the morning and pacing in your corridor, anticipating the snarl-up on the superhighway. Stress is once you’re right within the middle of the particular issue, making an attempt to trot out yet. Anxiety is once you’re basic cognitive process, anticipating and imagining the issue that may stress you. With this distinction, it’s straightforward to examine why natural drugs for anxiety, together with the angle and mood management, positive intellection, nutritional decisions, exercise, correct rest and therefore the use of essential oils, will support an associate degree overall lifestyle that has several cope mechanisms integrated into several aspects of your day.

Essential Oils

Essential oils of Orange and Lavender are favored by aromatherapists collectively approach to natural drugs for anxiety. Attempt them in your shower, massaged into the soles of your feet, associate degree in an aromatherapy diffuser, and make certain to pick out 100 percent Agriculture Department organic essential oils. A key advantage of essential oils: there's a lot of to natural drugs for anxiety than one thing you swallow. While not a doubt, we tend to live in an associate degree age of prescription.

Conventional/Clinical/Modern Treatment

And whereas SSRI, benzodiazepine and diazepam could have their place (this medicine boosts the action of Gamma-Aminobutyric Acid—GABA), a lot of comprehensive approach, potential in bicycle-built-for-two with pharmaceutical treatment, could also be a lot of thriving in taming the fast cascades of terror ordinarily termed as anxiety. Several theories share the air-space as potential natural drugs for anxiety. A number of these involve food. Some different nutrition consultants state that historically hard foods support helpful gut microorganism, reducing our inclination toward anxiety. Several consultants agree that polyunsaturated fatty acid fats EPA and DHA are useful in equalization the metabolism to abate Angst. Regular exercise, contemporary air and exposure to early morning daylight are perpetually cited as antidotes to anxiety. Another vital part in natural drugs for anxiety involves “unplugging” from generic world news disasters and re-connecting with friends and family.

Natural Medicine For Anxiety

The explosion of digital new media contributes to anxiety in 2 ways: we tend to are bombarded 24/7 with time period world disaster from multiple electronic sources, and that we are distanced from face to face intimacy with actual mortals in our lives. Here’s an associate degree exercise to develop one side of natural drugs for anxiety: once a guest arrives at your workplace or home for a gathering or get-together, shut down your devices, physically embrace the person, and provide her or him water and alternative refreshments. Create and maintain eye-contact. Ignore your phone and screen, whereas they're with you. These straightforward steps could produce a way of bonding that lowers anxiety. Several uncommon therapeutic techniques have emerged in recent years, together with newt or the Emotional Freedom Technique/EFT for anxiety treatment, that involves sound your own head, face and hands as you repeat affirmations of self-acceptance—possibly the foremost low-tech approach to natural drugs for anxiety. Indeed EFT is one of natural medicine for anxiety.

Myth About Drugs Addiction

While it's true that some medications prescribed to treat associate degreexiety could have a warning label that they {will} be habit-forming doesn’t mean that you just will mechanically become an out of the management dope addict if you're taking one. Affirmative there are those that abuse medicine together with each {prescription medicine|prescribed drugs|pharmaceuticals} and black-market drugs. There are people who take benzodiazepines (Xanax, Valium, Ativan, etc) as an example, and mix them with street medicine to induce high. However, this doesn't mean that the patient WHO has been diagnosed with associate degree mental disturbance and is taking doctor prescribed medication to treat that mental disturbance is a fan. There's an enormous distinction between employing a medication to treat the symptoms of a disorder and abusing a drug (taking it illicitly while not a prescription, or taking way more than a prescribed indefinite quantity, for the aim of obtaining high or as a result of your behavior and physically hooked in to the drug). There ar lots of patients WHO take their medication responsibly, solely taking the dose prescribed by their doctor.
Explore the possibility of natural medicine for anxiety is indeed very fascinating

Tuesday, May 23, 2017

The Best Medication For Anxiety And Depression You Should Think About


Depression and anxiety disorders are totally different. However folks with depression usually expertise symptoms almost like those of associate mental disturbance, like nervousness, irritability, and issues sleeping and concentrating. However, every disorder has its own causes and its own emotional and activity symptoms. This post can describe the best medication for anxiety and depression as so much as I do know.

Many people in World Health Organization develop depression have a history of associate mental disturbance earlier in life. There's no proof one disorder causes the opposite. However, there's clear proof that many folks suffer from each disorder. There are typically 2 approaches to treating anxiety and depression, one is anti-depressant, and therefore the alternative is anti-anxiety meds. Whereas anti-anxiety meds (think benzodiazepine, and different benzodiazepines) add the short-run, terribly effectively, they quickly cause tolerance and dependence (addiction).

Various Drugs to Overcome Anxiety and Depression

It's interseting to try how to cure depression by yourself. There's proof that they will build anxiety worse within the semipermanent. anti-depressant have a lot of mixed proof of their use. There's some proof that they work. Whereas individuals are still taking them, however, there's concern over publication bias skewing results, leading individuals to suspect that they will be very little simpler than placebo. They conjointly offer no profit once the person stops taking them. Among these medications, probably the primary decisions to be thought of ar newer styles of antidepressants, particularly the selective monoamine neurotransmitter re-uptake inhibitors (SSRIs) like sertraline, Paxil, and even newer sorts like Lexapro - these are approved for treatment of each style of disorders.

Additionally, another category of medicine, medication, referred to as the serotonin-norepinephrine re-uptake inhibitors (SNRIs), which has Effexor XR, Cymbalta, and currently in 2008 Pristiq, is additionally approved to treat major depression. For depression that is accompanied by symptoms of anxiety, these drugs have been shown to significantly relieve both types of symptoms, usually within 4 weeks of beginning treatment. Effexor XR and Cymbalta also have separate indications for treatment of certain anxiety disorders like generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder and post-traumatic stress disorder (possibly others - one can check the official labeling on the internet).

The Best Medication for Anxiety and Depression

In fact, the best medication for anxiety and depression is different for each person. The reason is that the influence of drugs depends on many factors. One of them is the suitability of drugs with the condition of the sufferer. Effective medicine for someone is not necessarily successful in others. To determine the best medication for anxiety and depression, we still need help from a psychiatrist. Do not be careless to choose your own over the counter medicine for anxiety and depression from the drug rack at the drugstore.

Sunday, May 14, 2017

Treatments For Major Depressive Disorder Don't Have To Be Hard



Treatments for major depressive disorder people have known.
Major depressive disorder or people also recognize it as unipolar disorder is one type of mental health illness. This disease is different from depressive conditions in bipolar. In major depression or this major depressive disorder, sufferers experience continuous sadness or lack of interest in external stimuli. While in bipolar, the patients experienced oscillations between mania and depressive conditions continuously. This short essay will describe about treatments for major depressive disorder, so we will know more.

According to the Journal of the American Medical Association, there are twenty to twenty-six percent of the population suffering from this unipolar disorder. They were the women. For men, the figure is eight to twelve percent. People estimated this difference because women have different hormonal cycles with men. However, in fact, men and women have the same risk to this disorder.

Treatments For Major Depressive Disorder

In general, we can say that the treatments for major depressive disorder do not have to be hard. The reason is because the medical circles already know much more about this major depression. Therefore, do not hesitate to visit the nearest medical service if you feel the signs and symptoms of major depressive disorder. But you have to keep one thing in your mind. Do not rush to assess yourself suffering from this disease. This also applies to other types of mental health illness. Only trained psychiatrists and clinical psychologists are allowed to diagnose. And usually, they need a long observation time.

Combination Therapy

Experience has shown that the best treatments for people with major depression are combination therapy. The point is a combination of medicines with talk therapy. People often mention psychotherapy as talk therapy. This is because therapists and patients engage in conversation or 'talk'. Usually the patient will gradually recover after two to six weeks of treatment. Psychotherapists report that CBT or cognitive behavioral therapy also proves to be very effective for major depression sufferers as well.

If we compare it with treatments for other types of mental health illness, there are similar patterns for therapy, with medicines and psychotherapy. Support groups will obviously help recovery. But there are also important differences, the therapists uses electro-convulsive therapy for ordinary depression. In this major depressive disorder, therapists avoid as far as possible the use of ECT or electro-convulsive therapy.


Tuesday, May 9, 2017

Bipolar Disorder Treatment Without Medication Is Your Worst Enemy, Read This!


bipolar disorder treatment without medication is nonsene
No one in this world wants to suffer severe mental health illness. Including bipolar disorder, of course. When the psychiatrist stated that I was suffering from this serious mental health illness, I instantly made a denial. Plus the notion that the disease is basically incurable, the more sad I am. Drugs that are used and prescribed by physicians are basically just relieving the symptoms that accompany this disease. My family and I have tried to get bipolar disorder treatment without medication. One reason is the negative stigma attached to the disease and its sufferers.

I was trying to get bipolar disorder treatment without medication with terrible results. Not the healing I got, even my illness was getting worse. I experienced relapse and for the umpteenth time being hospitalized in a mental hospital in Lawang area, Malang regency. But there was a positive gain after undergoing outpatient for a year's time. The psychiatrists there found that I had bipolar instead of schizophrenia. Previous psychiatrists at a general hospital in Malang Municipality did diagnose me as a schizophrenic for dozen of years. Since then clinicals have dealt with my disease more directed with satisfied results. You might read here on this article to know the differences between bipolar disorder and schizophrenia.

Bipolar Disorder Treatment Without Medication

My previous experience showed that bipolar disorder treatment without medication is a huge nonsense. You should consider carefully if you want to try it. The handling that I experienced was very horrible. I was kept tied on the stocks for more than two weeks. Previously I inhabited a closed cage for more than a week. Out from there, I was indeed being hospitalized in a mental hospital for over a month. After that, my condition began to improve.

Those of you who live in a developed country may indeed have a better option than me who live in Indonesia. You probably do not need to be caged or isolated if you want to try alternative medicine. However, be careful when stopping the consumption of drugs. You can review an article here on standard treatment for bipolar disorder.

Electric Shock for The Treatment

This is a "new" treatment that was reported to be much safer. I give quotes marks because actually this way has long been practiced, but the procedure is much more comfortable. You will not feel tortured with this modern procedure. You can read more about this electric shock therapy in this post. Some research proved that this way was even very safe for pregnant women. However, the question is, whether this way can provide permanent cure?. This is still a big question. In the meantime, do not rush to do bipolar disorder treatment without medication as well.

Sunday, May 7, 2017

Being Friendly with Mental Health Illness is Not Easy


mental health disorder
Being friendly with mental health illness is indeed not easy. If can choose, of course people will choose to be healthy. Free from the illness. If forced to suffer from the illness and the choices are between the two, whether suffering physical illness or mental illness?. Of course people will choose to suffer physical illness as well. So it is with me personally. If I may choose, I will choose not to suffer from bipolar disorder, one form of mental health illness.

Sufferer's Denial

At first I did deny suffering a disease that to some people considered as disgusting. However, relapses repeatedly make me helpless. Well, indeed I am suffering from bipolar, one kind of severe mental health illness. This self-acceptance, then improved my condition and I gradually recovered. Indeed, self-acceptance is the first step towards recovery as well. You can read more on this post. Thank God that for almost three years I have not experienced a recurrence. Hopefully for so on.

Among the denials was the wonder and inexhaustible complaining, why exactly I am suffering from this disgusting disease?. Are there not many other people out there?. Why did I experience it?. How unfair God was. God has made my life as a laughter. I am grateful that it does not go on all the time. Finally, I can be friendly with this disease and control the symptoms using drugs. Even life with bipolar remains problematic as well.

Attending Treatments to Psychiatrist Compliantly

The most important thing for the sufferer is probably to have the treatments obediently. Have medication in accordance to the dose given by the psychiatrist regularly. This is the first path to recover. After that, we might seek additional treatment with psycho or sociotherapy. It is also important to correct both counterproductive and inaccurate ways of thinking and socializing. The inappropriate way of socializing will aggravate our condition as a sufferer. Perhaps this post is useful to get a more comprehensive illustration.

Fulfilling The Time Positively

Is very important when we perform a useful activity as well. Activities that will positively help rehabilitation. We will not feel like useless creatures in front of other people. Perhaps not too look forward to getting income from that activity. Especially when early treatment. If you have already started to be recovered, it has made sense to find and get a job that suits your interests. I myself do blogging to fulfill the time. When AdSense has approved my apply, then I will seek my AdSense account in order to make money. Currently I've yet to get a payment, but I will keep trying.

Coping Mechanism

Which is also very helpful is to find coping mechanisms on every issue we face. Coping mechanism is a way for us to survive so that we have no recurrence. I have made an interesting writing about coping mechanism I did to overcome pessimistic. This pessimistic sense usually faced by sufferers of mental health illness when he or she starts to recover. Not only by bipolar sufferers. Coping mechanism can be developed in accordance with the problems we face. If you feel difficulty to choose coping mechanism appropriate, it is helpful to discuss with support groups or counselors. These counselors can be psychiatrists commonly deal with you or just with psychologists who are sympathetic. Hopefully this post is useful.

Thursday, May 4, 2017

Stress Management and That Importance to Our Success


stress management is very important to our success
Everyone must have been under pressure. Are you an employee?. Or are you a college student? Working pressure in the office may be so stick that you want to get out of work. Or the heavy burden of studying at the university seemed to kill the soul. Indeed, you are still lucky enough not to have mental disorders. Precisely stress management is very important for the success of your life. Stress management is the art of self-management.

A Thankful Life

As a normal categorized person, you should face life with gratitude to God. Compare your normal self with those who suffer from mental health illness. Of course it will be very different how normal and healthy people are in dealing with problems with our diseased. If you are stressed, you can make it a trigger for a better performance.

Eustress and Distress

We know the stress that triggers an increase in achievement with the term eustress. If you are motivated to achieve better productivity, then we can say that the stress you are experiencing is eustress. The more trained you are to direct your stress into an eustress, the more you will having it again. Hmm, it's fun isn't it?. Obviously, this requires good and measurable stress management.

Conversely, the stress that makes a person worse is referred to distress. Poor stress management will make the symptoms worse. The end, the sufferer will be less achievable and protracted in sadness. In this condition, you should try to find entertainment. Hang out with friends or just try a new restaurant.

If that ways is not helpful enough, you may need to talk to a counselor. You may need psychotherapy. But you are still lucky. Patients with severe mental health disorder require more serious treatment. We have to have medicines to relieve the symptoms we are experiencing. Unfortunately, that's not indeed cure the disease, just only relieve the symptoms so we could live normally.

Stress Management, Biochemistry

Biochemically, there are three stress-causing hormones. The first is adrenaline, the second is noradrenaline, and the latter is cortisol. The latter is accused of being the main cause of stress. The buildup of cortisol hormones excessively causes stress to be difficult to control. It means that the first stress management is by controlling the production of cortisol hormone. The best way to control is to reduce the cause of this hormone production. Please reduce consumption of nicotine and caffeine. You can read more about this here in an article

Falsely, often people assume that coffee and cigarettes make people break away from stress. Of course, this is a false thought. Furthermore, it creates an endless cycle of demons. The more people feel depressed, the more he or she consumes cigarettes and caffeine. This will actually increase the cortisol hormone that causes stress uncontrolled.

Tuesday, May 2, 2017

Mental Health Sufferers Are Still Exposed To Community Negative Stigmas


Mental health sufferers are still exposed to community negative stigmas.
No nonsense if we say that mental health sufferers are still exposed to community negative stigmas. In fact, the stigma is not only attached to the sufferers, but also to the mental hospital as well. Patients became reluctant to seek treatment at the mental hospital due to it. Though it is the main way to achieve recovery. It cannot be denied that there are other place for treatment than the mental hospital. Among them are public hospitals or private practice of psychiatrists. This post talked about psychiatric therapy to patients with mental illness.

The strong negative stigma causes the patient to isolate themselves and stay away from the friendships. I've experienced it too. You can read it in my other post. Similarly, pessimistic feelings still fettered at the time. Fortunately I have a coping mechanism to overcome this. It still takes a long time to scrape the negative stigma out. With the easing of the stigma, it is hoped that the sufferers sufficiently confident to work and perform for the public.

In addition to the patients and mental hospitals, negative stigma is also directed to the disease itself. In Indonesia, mental health illness, especially schizophrenia is said to occur because the sufferer is less devout of religious teachings. Of course, this is not true. But this stigma is already firmly attached as well.

Drug Therapy as The First Pillar of The Treatments

Mental health illness is the same as any other disease. Even if drugs do not cure the disease, but it can relieve symptoms experienced by the sufferer. Drug therapy is the first and the main pillar for patient treatments. Once the patient begins to recover, then we think of other forms of therapy. Please read here to know the drugs used for psychotic symptoms that accompany schizophrenia and bipolar. Similarly for most other mental health illness.

Hope To Recover

Of course hope to recover is still wide open for people with mental health illness. With the right medicines and treatments, the sufferer can still live independently. Of course initially should be assisted by other parties. However, when they have reached recovery, then the mental health illness sufferers can finance his or her own life. Even married and have children as well.

Alternative Healing for Women Patients

Women do have more constraints when suffering from mental health illness. Especially when she is married and want to have children. If she uses antipsychotic drugs, she will certainly face the risk of side effects. This could endanger the fetus. Is there a way out?. Of course there is. For example, by using electric shock or ECT as her treatment. Now this method is much safer and comfortable than when it was first introduced at the nineteen fifties.
A number of patients reported that improved conditions occurred after two sessions of therapy using this electro-convulsive therapy. Psychiatrists will use it measurably in pregnant women. Many studies have reported that ECT or electro-convulsive therapy is safe for pregnant women as well. That means there is no reason to worry too much.

Self-Acceptance As The Main Turning-Point Of Mental Health Illness Patients Recovery


self-acceptance is very important as a turning point to mental health illness patients to be recovered.
In the past, I had suffered greatly as a bipolar sufferer. Of course, this is a psychological problem. Because of this feeling, my progress in recovery was hampered. I have repeatedly complained to psychiatrists about what I have experienced in the past. Obviously, all of it was a past that was not useful to remember. Every living person must have bad memories of his past. Not everything is fun. Not only the actual past, even in the present I sometimes experience unpleasant experiences as a bipolar sufferer. You could read one of them on the link I have been given.

The wrong parenting, especially my father was the main cause of my suffering. I do not understand how a teacher could have made a fatal mistake while parenting his own child. Is not he already equipped with the education's science?. Included among them is children's education and parenting?. However, perhaps in the next post I would say about it as well. I have written how I experienced that domestic violence to be a novel. You can read it here.

Self-Acceptance as Turning-Point to Recover

When I complained to the psychiatrist about my unpleasant past, with short and cold, he replied that I should accept it. Accepted that I was treated ruthlessly by my father from childhood to adolescent indeed. Initially, it was very uncomfortable to receive this advice as well. But strangely enough, by thinking of this advice, I can gradually practiced it.
Miraculously, when I started accepting that annoying condition, much progress was made. I started accepting myself and smiling with other people's mistakes against me. I became more tolerant with others. Not imposed my own will. In other words, I became more adapted. Please read this post about the improvements I experienced due to this self-acceptance.

It's Indeed Uneasy

True, it is not easy to start self-acceptance. But the benefits for people with mental health disorders like us are very huge. Furthermore, we can have a much better insight. It's also important for people like us as well. The question is, is only self-acceptance enough for recovery?. The answer is of course not enough. We still need to undergo a series of therapies. This post tells about the therapy that we should do as people with severe mental health illness.

Friday, April 28, 2017

Tips About Bipolar Steps Toward Recovery You Should Know


What if you declared by doctors suffer from one type of severe mental disorder?. Of course it makes you sad and disheartened. Mirrored already that you will lose friends. Likewise, you are aware that you will only be a laughing matter as well. Don't worry too much, however, will still have people who care about. True friends and family that embraces you.

"Why Me" Remorse and Thought

You would think, why I should suffer severe mental disorder?. Isn't it true that there are still many people out there, why not they were suffering from this illness?. So why me?. Precisely why God chose me to be miserable?. Not thinking it's weird. While recognizing that we are suffering from a mental disorder, is commonplace if we think like that. I myself also. Early suffer severe mental health disorder I also thought so.

Pessimistic and Hopeless

As sufferers of severe mental health disorder, it is reasonable if we feel pessimistic and hopeless as well. I experienced it too. This post described how I was so breaking up. Indeed, I'm a bipolar sufferer, also a kind of mental health disorder. Need a long time to generate the living motivation. But instead it is possible to reach to reach optimistic thoughts. There will be a time when confidence re-emerged. There is no need to drift into grief. Suffering from a severe mental disorder does not mean we are already a dead body. We still could continue our living.

More important for us than constantly complaining so is starting to think about, what can we do in this condition?. You have to remember that our family could not substantiate our life forever. You have to keep trying to live independently. Of course, with trying to do productive activities.

Coping Mechanism

Everyone, including bipolar sufferers and other severe mental health disorder have mechanisms to survive. This is referred as a coping mechanism. We can overcome the negative and positive symptoms that arise in our lives. These symptoms has found on both schizophrenia and bipolar. It is good if we can discuss the unrest with others. If you are reluctant to talk with friends, you can choose to speak with a counselor.

How to Deal With Mental Disorder Sufferers

If you are not suffering from a severe mental disorder, but a family or person you loved, what should you do?. You have to do is obviously encouraging her or him to stick on the treatments. Do not forget to have medicines because it is the beginning of curements. In addition, there are a number of things that are expected to the sufferer so they could recover fastly. This is about what they should do.

Hope this post would be useful.

Talking About Schizophrenia


In any population, we can almost be sure that there is around 0.8 percent inhabitants who suffered from schizophrenia. Other sources mention a figure of one percent. This severe psychiatric illness has had a serious impact for the entire population. Due to their disability, schizophrenic become dependent for their family members or the government.

It is indeed schizophrenic has been classified as being one of the persons with disability nowadays. Exactly is mental disability. Of course along with other severe mental disorders such as bipolar and schizoaffective disorder for example. Not really went sour, however, it says the reality. Fifteen percent of people with schizophrenia living in the workhouses and rehabilitation. Fifteen percent more live vagrancy on the streets. All of them without any guarantee of the future.

Suffering from Severe Mental Disorder

Try to put yourself in the shoes of the sufferer. How it feels when we ourselves are experiencing severe mental health disorder?. It certainly would be very pitiful. I myself as the author of this post is suffering from a type of disorder that heavy soul. Speaking frankly, I suffer from bipolar disorder. Before this diagnosis, the doctors diagnosed the disorder I experienced as schizophrenia. Cause that's what I am interested in this subject.

Medications for Schizophrenia

Then, how is the treatments for the schizophrenic?. In any writings you will get the same answer. There are three pillars to deal with schizophrenic known to date. The first is the drug therapy along with psychiatrists, just the same with other mental disorder sufferers. Like for bipolar disorder for instance. This is the first and could not be abandoned. After the patient's condition began to improve and stable, then we can talk about other types of therapy.

The second pillar is psychotherapy along with a psychiatrist or psychologist. You can choose the appropriate clinical psychologists on health care nearby. It's important to change the inappropriate way of thinking and counterproductive. I myself as the sufferer gets a lot of benefits with psychotherapy. Counseling with a psychologist when the conditions are not yet fully stable should be prioritized so that the sufferers having medicine diligently and do not refuse medical treatment anymore.

Support Groups for Schizophrenia

Last but not least, join support groups for schizophrenia is the third pillar that are no less important. We can get the psychoeducation of encounter groups of this kind. Equating the perception about what should and should not be done to the schizophrenic. Some of the undisclosed problems might arise when the meetings have been happening. For example, choosing the right psychiatrist and others.

With weaves networks like this, we are not feeling alone in dealing with the illness. So much homework to finish. Including reducing the negative stigma against schizophrenia and its sufferers. It will be easier when we organize ourselves as well. Hopefully this article will be helpful.

photograph by Iwan J Prasetyo

Saturday, March 25, 2017

10 Cara Handal Mendapatkan Modal Usaha


Salah satu pertanyaan yang paling sering saya dapatkan sebagai mentor bagi seorang enterpreneur pemula adalah, "Bagaimana cara mencari modal untuk memulai bisnis saya?" .Saya selalu menjawab bahwa tidak ada sihir, dan bertentangan dengan mitos populer, tidak ada yang akan menjadi malaikat dan membuang uangnya pada Anda hanya karena Anda memiliki ide bisnis baru dan menarik.

Di sisi lain, ada banyak pilihan kreatif yang tersedia untuk memulai sebuah bisnis yang mungkin tidak Anda temukan ketika membeli mobil, rumah atau barang konsumsi lainnya. Jika Anda memiliki keinginan untuk menjadi seorang enterpreneur, saya mendorong Anda untuk berpikir serius tentang masing-masing pilihan, sebelum Anda gagal pada satu atau dua cara, dan benar-benar kecewa jika cara itu tidak bekerja untuk Anda.

Tentu saja, setiap alternatif memiliki kelebihan dan kekurangan, jadi salah satu yang diberikan mungkin tidak available atau menarik bagi Anda. Misalnya, investor profesional menempatkan prioritas besar pada pengalaman Anda sebelumnya dalam membangun bisnis, dan mereka tentunya berharap untuk memiliki sebagian dari ekuitas bisnis dan kontrol untuk modal yang mereka berikan. Ini sulit bagi seorang enterpreneur pemula yang terjun dalam bisnis pertama kali.

Oleh karena itu, pertanyaan tentang apakah Anda memenuhi syarat untuk pendanaan itu, dan apakah Anda mudah menyerah dalam mengubah ide impian Anda menjadi bisnis yang realistis dan layak menjadi kenyataan?. Berikut ini adalah daftar dari 10 sumber pendanaan yang paling umum saat ini, dalam urutan prioritas terbalik, disertai dengan beberapa aturan praktis untuk fokus Anda:

10 Mencari Pinjaman Bank Atau Kartu Kredit

Secara umum, cara ini kecil kemungkinannya untuk berhasil untuk npemain baru kecuali Anda memiliki sejarah kredit yang baik atau aset yang Anda tempatkan sebagai agunan. Di Indonesia, Anda mungkin dapat mendapatkan uang tunai dari institusi Usaha Kecil, Mikro dan Menengah (UMKM), tanpa persyaratan cadangan normal.

9 Menukarkan Ketrampilan Atau Jasa Untuk Bantuan Awal

Hal ini paling sering disebut barter keterampilan atau sesuatu yang Anda miliki untuk sesuatu yang Anda butuhkan. Sebuah contoh, Anda menegosiasikan ruang kantor gratis dengan menyetujui untuk mendukung sistem komputer untuk semua penyewa kantor lainnya. Contoh lainnya adalah pertukaran ekuitas untuk bantuan hukum dan akuntansi.

8 Menegosiasikan Uang Muka Kepada Mitra Strategis Atau Pelanggan

Cari pelanggan utama, atau bisnis yang dapat dimulai secara gratis, seseorang yang melihat suatu nilai dalam ide Anda, dan bahwa mereka bersedia untuk memberikan uang muka pembayaran royalti untuk menyelesaikan pembangunan usaha bisnis Anda. Variasi pada tema ini termasuk perjanjian lisensi awal atau perjanjian white-labelling.

7 Bergabung Pada Inkubator Atau Akselerator

Organisasi seperti UMKM di Indonesia, sangat populer hari-hari ini, dan sering dikaitkan dengan universitas besar, organisasi pengembangan masyarakat, atau bahkan perusahaan besar. Kebanyakan menyediakan sumber daya bebas untuk memulai usaha, termasuk fasilitas kantor dan konsultasi, tetapi mereka banyak memberikan dana awal juga.

6 Mintalah Investor Modal Usaha

Carilah investor profesional, seperti Accel Partners, yang menginvestasikan uang kelembagaan di usaha awal yang berkualitas, biasanya dengan model bisnis yang sudah terbukti menghasilkan, dan siap untuk skala yang cukup layak. Mereka biasanya mencari peluang besar, bisnis yang membutuhkan beberapa juta dolar atau lebih, dengan tim yang terbukti dapat diharapkan hasilnya. Carilah pengenalan hangat untuk mendapatkan modal dengan cara ini.

5 Ajukan Permohonan Pada Kelompok Investor Lokal

Sebagian besar wilayah metropolitan memiliki kelompok individu lokal berpenghasilan tinggi yang tertarik untuk mendukung usaha Anda, dan bersedia melakukan sindikasi sebesar sampai dengan satu juta dolar untuk usaha awal yang berkualitas. Gunakan platform online, diantaranya seperti Gust , dan jaringan lokal untuk menemukan orang-orang yang berhubungan dengan industri yang Anda kerjakan dengan passion.

4 Memulai Kampanye Funding Online

Ini adalah sumber pendanaan terbaru, di mana setiap orang dapat berpartisipasi sesuai dengan aturan JOBS, seperti dicontohkan oleh situs online seperti Kickstarter. Di sini orang membuat janji online untuk usaha awal Anda selama kampanye, untuk pre-buy produk dengan pengiriman kemudian, memberikan sumbangan, atau medapatkan hadiah seperti T-shirt.

3 Mengajukan Permohonan Hibah Untuk Usaha Kecil

Ini adalah dana pemerintah yang dialokasikan untuk mendukung teknologi baru dan masalah-masalah penting, seperti pendidikan, obat-obatan dan kebutuhan sosial. Tempat yang baik untuk mulai mencari di Indonesia adalah situs-situs UMKM. Proses ini panjang, tetapi tidak dikenakan biaya ekuitas apapun.

2 Ungkapkan Kebutuhan Anda Pada Teman Dan Keluarga

Sebagai aturan umum, investor profesional akan berharap bahwa Anda telah memiliki komitmen dari sumber ini untuk menunjukkan kredibilitas Anda. Jika teman-teman Anda dan keluarga tidak percaya pada Anda, jangan berharap orang luar untuk mempercayai Anda. Ini adalah sumber utama dana non-personal untuk modal usaha tahap awal.

1 Modal Sendiri

Saat ini, biaya untuk memulai bisnis adalah cukup kecil, lebih dari 90 persen usaha awal dibiayai sendiri (juga disebut bootstrapping). Mungkin butuh waktu sedikit lebih lama untuk menyimpan uang sebelum bisnis Anda mulai tumbuh dan berkembang secara organik, namun keuntungan adalah bahwa Anda tidak harus menyerahkan setiap saham atau kontrol kepada orang lain. Bisnis Anda adalah milik Anda sendiri.

Anda dapat melihat disini bahwa semua pilihan pendanaan ini memerlukan kerja dan komitmen Anda secara sungguh-sungguh, sehingga tidak ada sihir atau uang gratis. Setiap keputusan pendanaan adalah tradeoff kompleks antara biaya jangka pendek, jangka panjang dan paybacks, serta rasa memiliki dan kontrol.

Dengan banyaknya pilihan yang tersedia, tidak ada alasan untuk tidak mewujudkan impian Anda dalam bisnis menjadi nyata sebagai seorang enterpreneur.

Diterjemahkan Dari Tulisan Martin Zwilling

Friday, March 24, 2017

Sertifikasi Juru Dakwah / Da'i


Sejumlah status bersliweran di dinding fesbukku. Beberapa diantaranya menghujat dengan keras ide pemerintah untuk sertifikasi juru dakwah. Ada kesan bahwa banyak orang menganggap ide itu berlebihan. Saya sendiri belum memeriksa kebenaran berita itu, apakah pemerintah memang berkehendak menetapkan sertifikasi kepada kader-kader dakwah?.

Jauh-jauh hari sebelumnya, sekitar tiga bulanan yang lalu, seorang teman, doktor dalam bidang psikologi industri, membuka sebuah trit di grup mengenai keresahannya terhadap maraknya juru dakwah yang tampil di tengah masyarakat tanpa dasar ilmu agama (Islam) yang memadai. Eksesnya banyak, yang paling menonjol adalah maraknya radikalisasi dan intoleransi di kalangan ummat Islam.

Mbak Doktor itu kemudian mengajukan sebuah ide untuk memberikan semacam sertifikasi kepada juru dakwah. Tentunya karena melihat dan merasakan sendiri bagaimana akibatnya bila pendakwah karbitan yang tidak cukup matang ilmunya dengan sangat percaya diri "membina" ummat. Dan Mbak Noor memang tidak bersendiri dalam hal ini. Banyak orang merasakan hal yang sama.

Di akhir diskusi dalam grup fesbuk itu, ujung-ujungnya banyak peserta diskusi meng-amin-i ide dari Mbak Doktor tersebut. Sertifikasi juru dakwah adalah sangat diperlukan. Dalam tubuh Muhammadiyah, hanya untuk menyebut salah satu saja, NU dan yang lainnya tentu juga mempunyai mekanisme dengan tujuan yang sama, ada lembaga yang dikenal dengan nama PUTM (Pendidikan Ulama Tarjih Muhammadiyah). Lembaga pendidikan da'i seperti inilah yang boleh dibilang lulusannya mempunyai "sertifikasi".

Sebagai akhir, saya hanya ingin menyatakan bahwa ide sertifikasi juru dakwah ini bukanlah sesuatu yang sama sekali baru dan mengada-ada. Banyak anggota masyarakat yang sudah memikirkan masalah ini sejak lama.

Dari Sebuah Sudut Rumah.
Yogyakarta, Awal Februari.

photograph by Astungkara Wiguna

Thursday, March 23, 2017

Berteman Di Dunia Maya


Hubungan antar manusia adalah sesuatu yang menarik dibahas. Hubungan itu tidak hanya melibatkan fisik tetapi juga emosi. Saat ini, dimana era informatika sedang berlangsung, hubungan antar manusia menjadi berkurang intensitasnya secara fisik. Orang lebih suka menjalin hubungan dengan orang lain melalui sosial media. Memang ada perbedaan besar jika kita berinteraksi di dunia maya dengan berinteraksi di dunia nyata.

Ada ekses negatif dalam bergaul di dunia maya. Namun ekses positifnya juga tidak kalah penting. Kita dapat berkomunikasi dengan seorang sahabat yang tinggal di seberang lautan sana tanpa bertatap muka. Kita bahkan dapat munumpahkan keluh kesah kita pada seseorang yang secara fisik tidak pernah kita temui. Tentusaja ada ekses negatif yang bisa terjadi. Acapkali kita menjumpai penipuan dengan cara semacam ini.

Realistis

Dalam berinteraksi di dunia maya, kita mesti tetap realistis. Artinya, kita tetap sadar bahwa teman kita itu adalah relasi di dunia maya. Dia sama sekali bukan teman nyata kita, sekalipun orangnya ada. Selain itu juga perlu diperhatikan bahwa banyak sekali pelaku dunia maya menggunakan nama palsu atau nama samaran. Jadi tetaplah berfikir bahwa mereka teman, tapi teman di dunia maya. Tentunya hal ini akan mempengaruhi pola hubungan antara Anda dan teman Anda itu.

Hati Hati Dalam Berteman Di Dunia Maya

Sangat wajar jika kita berhati-hati dalam bergaul dengan teman di dunia maya itu. Penipuan di dunia maya sudah sering terdengar. Akan sangat menyenangkan bila Anda dapat melakukan pertemuan fisik dengan teman Anda itu. Anda bisa menilai dan membandingkannya dengan penampilannya ketika berperan di dunia maya. Terlalu hati-hati juga tidak disarankan, sebaiknya kita memang tetap waspada . Kesadaran bahwa teman kita itu hanya teman di dunia maya itu saja sudah cukup banyak membantu.

Bersiaplah Untuk Terkejut

Ini adalah hal yang paling menarik sekaligus barangkali mendebarkan. Anda bermaksud untuk bertemu dengan teman di dunia nyata. Tentunya setelah berinteraksi di dunia maya. Dan dari hasil berkomunikasi serta berinteraksi di dunia maya itu, anda ingin menjumpainya di dunia nyata. Tentunya akan ada banyak distorsi ketika bergaul di dunia maya. Dan anda ingin melihat bagaimana keadaan sesungguhnya. Maka bersiap-siaplah untuk terkejut. Anda akan menemui beberpa kenyataan bahwa kesan yang anda temui di dunia maya berbeda dengan ketika betemu di dunia nyata. Seorang teman yang demikian menyenangkan di dunia maya, bisa jadi adalah seorang yang tidak banyak berbicara di dunia nyata. Dan masih banyak yang lainnya.

Saya tentunya sudah mengalami hal semacam ini beberapa kali. Betapa berbedanya kesan yang kita dapatkan ketika berinteraksi secara maya. Seseorang yang terkesan begitu perhatian dan suka mendengarkan ternyata memonopoli pembicaraan ketika kita bertemu di warung untuk kopi darat. Anda akan menjumpai hal-hal unik lainnya tentu saja

Wednesday, March 22, 2017

Kronik


Dalam acara Bedah Buku-ku kemarin, Mas Wahyu Harjanto mengatakan bahwa novelku sangat kronik, sangat sejarah. Dalam kesempatan yang lain beliau mengatakan bahwa apabila aku menjadi historian, pasti akan ngedab-ngedabi, itu istilah beliau.

Aku belum terlalu jelas mengenai apakah yang dimaksud dengan kronik. Mestinya artinya memang bisa dilacak lewat KBBI, tapi aku memang belum ingin mencari maksud istilah itu. Aku lebih tertarik untuk meneruskan menulis novel keempatku ini saja. Dengan komen Mas Wahyu itu aku jadi tergerak untuk memberikan latar belakang "sejarah" dalam novelku. Sengaja kuberi tanda petik dalam kata sejarah itu karena barangkali orang tidak sepakat denganku menilai suasana dan situasi pada saat itu. Terbukti dengan beredarnya poster dengan semboyan "PENAK JAMANKU TO?".

Sebenarnya tetap saja masalahnya. Pemaparanku ini tentu akan jauh lebih berwarna apabila aku dulu kuliah di Isipol atau Sastra saja. Namun, seorang teman mengatakan padaku untuk jangan menyesali kuliah di Teknik. Novelku menurutnya berciri "structured" dan "logic". Itu adalah ciri anak Teknik, katanya.


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Saat itu warna kuning identik dengan pembangunan, kemajuan, intelektualitas, dan semua hal yang baik-baik. Rezim yang berkuasa di seluruh Indonesia adalah Orde Baru di bawah kepemimpinan Soeharto, presiden kedua. Organisasi peserta pemilihan umum hanya ada tiga dalam sistim demokrasi yang semu. Semu karena bungkusnya saja yang berbentuk demokrasi, kenyataannya semua hal bergantung pada keputusan Presiden Soeharto, sang penguasa mutlak yang tidak mungkin bisa dibantah, kecuali oleh istrinya sendiri.

Salah satu penyangga kekuasaan Presiden Soeharto adalah Golkar, kependekan dari Golongan Karya, salah satu dari tiga kontestan peserta Pemilihan Umum atau Pemilu yang penuh dengan rekayasa untuk melanggengkan kekuasaan rezim Orde Baru. Bersama dua partai peserta Pemilu yang lain, Partai Persatuan Pembangunan atau PPP dan Partai Demokrasi Indonesia atau lebih dikenal dengan PDI, Golkar mengikuti pesta demokrasi lima tahunan itu. Anehnya, Golkar saat itu tidak mau menyebut diri dan disebut sebagai partai peserta Pemilu. Entah mereka ingin dikenal sebagai apa waktu itu.

Golkar memilih warna kuning sebagai warna bendera dan atribut mereka. Untuk menggiring masyarakat supaya selalu ingat dengan keberadaannya, maka bisa dibilang hampir semua warna pada infrastruktur yang dimiliki oleh pemerintah rezim Orde Baru dipilih menggunakan warna ini. Gedung Balai Desa dan Kantor Desa Kamulan ini juga dicat kuning. Demikian pula bak sampah di ujung desa. Itulah alasannya mengapa minivan yang selalu ditunggu-tunggu oleh Sutarjo kecil juga berwarna kuning cerah.

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(photograph by Emile Gede Seno Aji)

Beasiswa Pekerja Seni


Saat itu ada program beasiswa untuk pekerja seni. Kebetulan pas novel pertama saya selesai dikerjakan. Novel itu rencananya akan saya jadikan port folio persyaratan beasiswa. Dengan riang saya menghubungi guru besar Teknik Mesin yang saya hormati, Prof Dr Ir Indarto DEA untuk memohon rekomendasi beliau. Alhamd beliau menyetujuinya.

Tiba-tiba saya teringat sesuatu, sebagai penderita bipolar, saya merasa perlu untuk mengutarakan maksud saya ini pada psikiater yang merawat saya selama ini. Demikianlah, sebelum waktu kontrol tiba, saya menghadap beliau. Memang tidak ada persyaratan rekomendasi atau keterangan dari psikiater untuk beasiswa pekerja seni itu sesungguhnya.

Ternyata, secara asertif psikiater saya meminta saya untuk mengurungkan niat untuk studi lanjut. Beliau tidak mengijinkan saya mengikuti proses seleksi. Kondisi baru saja menyelesaikan novel pertama dan antusiasme mendapatkan kesempatan sekolah lanjut membuat saya masuk dalam kondisi manik. Itu yang baru saya sadari lama setelah bertemu psikiater itu,

"Kalau seperti ini bagaimana?," demikian asesmen sang psikiater.

Sempat terpikir untuk tetap mengikuti proses seleksi. Hal itu karena persyaratan keterangan psikiater memang tidak ada. Tapi kemudian saya berfikir, psikiater itu pasti melihat sesuatu yang tidak saya lihat dan sadari. Akhirnya saya menulis pesan pendek kepada Profesor Indarto,

"Maaf Pak In, saya tidak jadi memohon rekomendasi Bapak, psikiater saya tidak mengijinkan."

Sedih.

Thursday, March 16, 2017

Has Indonesian Renewable Energy Development Succeded?



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Indonesia actually has been using renewable energy since long time ago. Evidenced by the many hydro-power and steam in the country. Mere mention of which is Suralaya Steam Power Plant, Paiton Power Plant, Ir Sutami Hydropower and much more. An intriguing question is, to what extent the development of renewable energy progress in this country?.


Suralaya vapor plant is the largest power plant in ASEAN. It has an installed capacity of 3400 MW. The power plant is located in Banten Province. In East Java, a province with a large population, there is Paiton vapor power plant. This power plant has an installed capacity of 800 MW. It serves the electricity demand in East Java, including Madura Island.


A sign that Indonesia has done the utilization of renewable energy is establishing Ir. Sutami Hydropower in Karangkates, a sub-district that lies between the district of Blitar and Malang border. Ir. Sutami Hydropower is the old power plant. Government using its energy since the nineteen sixties.


Indonesian Renewable Energy Progress


One of the development problem in Indonesia is equitable development. During this development is concentrated on the Java Island. Likewise, the development in the field of energy. The government has built a lot of the power plant on Java. Including examples of power plants as I said above. The government is currently trying to tackle the energy gap between Java and other islands.


According to a source, our electrification rate is still 87 percent. There are more than 2600 villages still do not have electricity in Indonesia. Most of them still do not enjoy electricity at all. Most of these problems are in the eastern part of Indonesia. There are six provinces that delayed the construction of electricity. Namely West Nusa Tenggara, East Nusa Tenggara, Papua, West Papua, Maluku and North Maluku. Surely this should begin to think together. Do not let our brothers and sisters in the eastern hemisphere can not enjoy the facilities were accepted by his fellas on western Indonesia.


Government Attention


The government has issued a number of government regulations to regulate and promote the accelerated development of renewable energy. The negative impact of the use of conventional energy is already worrying us all, not just environmentalists. Therefore the government provide a reference for saving oil, gas utilize wisely, optimization of coal for domestic needs and spur the maximum use of renewable energy.


Local and National Politics Bustles


Unfortunately, five to seven recent years, the spirit of it as if lost in the bustles of the local and national politics. Government wants that renewable energy utilization reached 35 percent of national energy needs. In fact, currently only carried 6.8 percent. As a people, I want the atmosphere of politics in Indonesia is getting more conducive to developing. Especially to establish a clear use of renewable energy which is environmentally friendly. Let us unite to better use the energy we have to rebuild the country. Not to broken to pieces that spend energy to hostile with our own relatives.




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photograph by Iwan J Prasetyo

Monday, March 13, 2017

Pilkada Daerah Khusus Ibukota Jakarta

Pemilihan kepala daerah di Provinsi Daerah Khusus Ibukota Jakarta usai sudah. Sekalipun pemilihan yang berlangsung tanggal 15 Februari 2017 baru pemilihan pada putaran pertama. Karena tidak ada calon yang mencapai perolehan lebih dari 50%, maka Komisi Pemilihan Umum Daerah akan melaksanakan pemilihan putaran kedua. Komisi Pemilihan Umum Daerah Khusus Ibukota Jakarta rencananya akan melaksanakan pemilihan yang kedua itu pada tanggal 19 April 2017. Kira-kira sebulan lagi.

Sambutan Masyarakat Indonesia

Pemilihan Kepala Daerah dan Gubernur Daerah Khusus Ibukota Jakarta memang mendapat sambutan yang sangat antusias. Bukan hanya menarik untuk warga ibukota itu, namun juga menarik bagi seluruh masyarakat Indonesia dari berbagai kalangan dan domisili. Ada 101 daerah yang mengadakan pemilihan kepala daerah secara serentak, namun pemilihan di Jakarta inilah yang banyak mendapatkan perhatian publik. Daerah yang lainnya seolah sepi-sepi saja.

Penulis tidak mengetahui persis mengapa sambutan seluruh masyarakat Indonesia begitu meriah atas Pemilu di Daerah Khusus Ibukota. Salah satu faktornya barangkali adalah karena sebelumnya Presiden Joko Widodo sendiri yang menjadi Gubernur dan Kepala Daerah di Daerah Khusus Ibukota. Setelah Joko “Jokowi” Widodo memenangkan pemilihan presiden, maka jabatan Gubernur di ibukota otomatis diserahkan kepada Ahok, nama panggilan Basuki Tjahaya Purnama, wakilnya semasa menjadi Gubernur Jakarta.

Perolehan Suara Putaran Pertama

Ada tiga pasangan calon yang mengikuti Pemilihan Kepala Daerah dan Gubernur di Jakarta. Pasangan calon dengan nomor urut satu adalah ex-major Agus Harimurti Yudhoyono dengan wakilnya Sylviana Murni. Pasangan calon kedua adalah incumbent Basuki Tjahaja Purnama, atau masyarakat lebih mengenalnya sebagai Ahok, bersama wakilnya Djarot Saiful Hidayat. Pasangan calon yang terakhir atau ketiga adalah mantan Menteri Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan, Anies Baswedan beserta wakilnya, seorang pebisnis besar, Sandiaga Shalahuddin Uno. Penulis tidak mengetahui alasan Presiden Jokowi memecat Anies Baswedan dari posisinya sebagai Menteri.

Hasil perhitungan manual di Komisi Pemilihan Umum Daerah menghasilkan, pasangan Agus-Sylvi mendapatkan 937.955 suara. Suara yang diperoleh oleh incumbent Ahok aka Basuki Tjahaja Purnama bersama Djarot Saiful Hidayat adalah 2.364.577 pemilih. Sedangkan pasangan Anies-Sandy memperoleh suara pemilih sebesar 2.197.333 suara. Dengan hasil itu maka pasangan Agus-Sylvi tereliminasi pada kesempatan pertama. Tersisa dua pasangan kandidat untuk melaju memperebutkan kursi Gubernur Jakarta, yakni Ahok-Djarot dan Anies-Sandy.

Kondisi Usai Pemilihan Pertama

Banyak yang telah terjadi semasa sebelum dan sesudah kampanye. Hingar-bingar demokrasi yang baru saja berkembang di Indonesia menciptakan keadaan yang buruk. Penulis hanya berharap bahwa hal itu tidak akan menjadi tradisi ke depan nanti. Masyarakat Indonesia haruslah menjadi komunitas yang dewasa dan dapat berfikir jernih.

Keadaan buruk itu adalah ketika pendukung pasangan calon, baik tim sukses maupun penggembira melakukan segala macam cara untuk menang. Diantaranya adalah black campaign dan menggunakan isyu suku, ras, agama dan antar golongan. Semua orang sudah tahu bahwa Anies Baswedan adalah Arab dan Ahok aka Basuki Tjahaja Purnama adalah seorang Cina Kristen. Masalah agama adalah sensitif di Indonesia ini, kekristenan Ahok selalu menjadi bulan-bulanan supporter pasangan calon yang lainnya. Olok-olok antara masing-masing pendukung berkembang menjadi serius dan menyedihkan.

Untunglah perundungan itu semakin mereda paska pemilihan putaran pertama 15 Februari 2017. Penulis berharap kondisi yang cukup bersahabat ini akan bertahan sampai pemilihan putaran kedua nanti. Ahok dan Djarot sebagai incumbent sudah membuktikan diri mampu mengelola wilayah dan permasalahannya. Anies dan Sandy sendiri juga belum tentu gagal apabila diserahi tanggung jawab yang sama. Siapapun yang menang, Indonesia harus tetap membangun negeri.

Sunday, March 12, 2017

RM Sosrokartono Healing Ability



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Perhaps, even in Indonesia, people nowadays haven’t known about RM Sosrokartono.  People have known more about his younger sister RA Kartini which become national heroines for the people of Indonesia. If RA Kartini is well known because of her letter especially to Mrs. Abendanon on Nederland, then RM Sosrokartono had been known by Javanese spiritualism and its monitor.


On formal education, RM Sosrokartono were luckier than his younger sister, RA Kartini. RM Sosrokartono continued his study on Holland which conquered Java at that time, whereas Kartini couldn’t continue her education to higher level because tradition forbid her at that that time. It is a fortune for Indonesian female nowadays as they could attend higher education which is equal with male.


Purpotedly Sosrokarono was a very good looking person. By his female acquaintances in Nederland he had given a nickname ‘de mooi Sos’ which means ‘the handsome Sos’. In Java, RM Sosrokartono is more known as ‘Raden Klungsu’ or ‘Joko Pring’. Klungsu is Javanese word of tamarind seed, and Pring is bamboo. They say, RM Sosrokartono used to bring a stem of yellow bamboo as a stick. His teaching especially were about modestly in all way of life and also about humbleness.


Actually, it is interesting to discuss RM Sosrokartono’s teaching, but I don’t discuss his teaching here. I’m going to tell some unique experiences between my grandfather with RM Sosrokartono.  My grandfather, which I called Eyang Kakung Mohammad had known and had a personal relationship with RM Sosrokartono.


RM Sosrokartono was very well known of his ability in healing diseases in supranatural way. At that time, Eyang Kakung Mohammad was still a student on Bandung. He had an uncle which got very sick in Madura. Eyang Kakung was trying to contact RM Sosrokartono to heal his uncle in supranatural way. Shortly, he could contact RM Sosrokarono. By this prominent figure, Eyang Kakung was given his namecard which had written by Alef letter. The first letter of Arabic alphabet.


Then RM Sosrokartono’s namecard was poured into a glass of water by Eyang Kakung’s family. That water then had drunk by Eyang Kakung’s uncle which was suffering. The next story then turned to miracle, his disease was disappeared. He’s gotten well.


After a long time, Eyang Kakung’s uncle’s disease flared up again. RM Sosrokartono’s namecard had been being looked for and apparently disappeared. As it had been looked for and never been found, Eyang Kakung had been asked by his family to contact RM Sosrokartono again to have a new namecard.


Eyang Kakung had been trying to meet RM Sosrokartono, but he managed to facehindrances. It’s ever that Eyang Kakung tried to meet RM Sosrokartono at his residence, but RM Sosrokartono was gone to another city by chance. It had happened that RM Sosrokartono was at his house but by chance Eyang Kakung had had another affair so he couldn’t meet RM Sosrokartono. It had happened continually till Eyang Kakung’s uncle had died. In Islamic belief, it is indeed that death is one of God’s affairs. None couldn’t hinder if God has intended to pull one’s life out.


There were another interesting experience between my grandfather with RM Sosrokartono. As a healer, RM Sosrokartono had healed a very wealth person. The healed person then gave RM Sosrokarono a stem of gold stick. Then, our figure, as a very modestly person had no desire to have the present. So, he decided to draw the people whom attending his house. The winner would have RM Sosrokartono gold stick. All the people who attended his house could attending the draw, but RM Sosrokartono hadn’t allowed my grandfather to attend the draw. I think that’s interesting. If my grandfather was allowed to attend the draw and won the gold stick, perhaps as his grandson I never had difficulties to finish my study because of its cost….hahaha…




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photograph byIwan J Prasetyo

Anies and Ahok is Going to Second Round Jakarta Governor Election



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The first round Province of Jakarta Special Capital Region local elections was over. Although the elections which happened on February 15, 2017 was only the first round election. Because no candidates reached the acquisition of more than 50%, then the Regional General Election Commission would be conducted a second round election. Election Commission of Jakarta Capital City planned to implement the second election on April 19, 2017. About a month again.


Public Enthusiasm


Regional Head and the Governor of Jakarta Special Capital Region election is indeed received a very enthusiastic attention. Not only interesting to residents of the capital, but also appeals to all Indonesian from various backgrounds and domicile. There are 101 areas that hold the local elections simultaneously, but the elections on Jakarta is having a lot of public attention. The other areas seemed deserted.


I don't know exactly why the attention of all Indonesian is so festiving till now on elections on the Special Capital Region. One factor perhaps is because previously the President Joko Widodo itself became Governor and Regional Head in that Special Capital Region. After Joko "Jokowi" Widodo won the presidential election, the post of governor in the capital automatically given to Ahok, the nickname of Basuki Tjahaya Purnama, his deputy as governor of Jakarta.


First Round Vote Acquisition


There were three candidates attending on Jakarta local election. the first pair of candidate was ex-major Agus Harimurti Yudhoyono and his deputy Sylviana Murni. The second candidate was incumbent pair Basuki Tjahaja Purnama, or people more know him as Ahok, with his deputy Djarot Saiful Hidayat. Last pair or third candidate was former Minister of Education and Culture, Anies Baswedan along with his deputy, a large-scale businessman, Sandiaga Salahuddin Uno. I don't know the reason why President Jokowi fired Anies Baswedan from his position as Minister.


The results of manual calculations on Regional Election Commission produces, Agus-Sylvi couple got 937 955 voices. Vote obtained by incumbent Ahok aka Basuki Tjahaja Purnama together with Djarot Saiful Hidayat was 2,364,577. While the pairing Anies-Sandy garner votes amounted to 2,197,333 voices. With that result, Agus-Sylvi eliminated at the first opportunity. The remaining two pairs of candidates lead to contest to be Jakarta Governor, namely as your expect, Ahok-Djarot and Anies-Sandy couples.


Condition After The First Round Election


A lot has happened during before and after the campaign. Frenzied of developing democracy in Indonesia creates a bad situation. I only hope that it will not become a tradition forward later. Indonesian society should be a community of mature and able to think clearly.


Bad condition happened when supporters of all candidates, both successful teams and cheerleaders performed all sorts of ways to win. Among them was the black campaign and using the issues of race, ethnicity, religion and inter-group. Everyone already knows that Anies Baswedan is Arabic and Ahok aka Tjahaja Basuki Purnama is a Christian Chinese . Religion is still a sensitive issue in Indonesia. Ahok Christianity always be the butt of supporter another candidate. The banter between the respective supporter develop into a serious and depressing.


Fortunately, the harassment slighty subsided after the first round February 15, 2017. I myself expect this quite friendly conditions will last until the second round later. Ahok and Djarot as incumbent already proven themselves capable of managing the region and its problems. Anies and Sandy themselves are not necessarily failure if entrusted with the same responsibility. Whoever wins, Indonesian people must continue to build the country.




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photograph by Emile Gede Seno Aji

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