Tuesday, December 6, 2016

Collective Unconsciousness

Carl Gustav Jung (1875-1961) at around the age of forties, indeed experiencing a "mid-life crisis", he discontinued his closely emotional and professional ties with Sigmund Freud and decided to start his own "odyssey" on the worlds of myths, dreams, seeings and his own fantasies.


 

In his exploration and appreciation of this worlds, finally Jung theorized that personality consists of three separate systems that interact each other. Those systems are "Self" (ego), "Personal Unconscious" and "Collective Unconsciousness". According to Jung, the “Collective Unconsciousness" set the overall current behavior and thus being the most influent the strength of our personalities.


 

This "Collective Unconscious" could be derived from the events experienced by our ancestors in the past. Furthermore, in Jung's view it should been rooted from our ancestors in the form of pre-human. A form of "Collective Unconscious" of that such is manifested from several families in East Java, which will greatly objected if a member of their family has chosen to marry a woman of Sunda, an ethnic populated on West Java. Many reasons are usually stated to "mind" it. The most often heard were that the Sundanese women usually "wasteful", "love affair" and "can not take a concerned life".


 

If we are giving a rebuttal to the families of the "objection" against them, there will surely appear some nother reason that essentially continues to refuse the presence of Sundanese in their large family's. Is there a "Collective Unconscious" that is owned by this few families in East Java that reminds them of a "traumatic event" in the past that they will prevent in an “unconscious” way?.


 

Let us return on the world of "myth", or perhapscould be called "semi-myth" which maybe became the part of the "Collective Unconsciousness" of some families in East Java. The lack of historical records as well as the many versions circulating in the community make it difficult for us to find out what really had happened in the past. I will reveal a version. I hope that we can lift this "Collective Unconsciousness" become "Collective Consciousness", so our "blind" area in our personality according to Johari Window have narrowed its perspective, and we understand ourselves better.


 

When King Brawijaya II reigned at Majapahit Kingdom, actually the ruler was Mahapatih, or Prime Minister Gadjah Mada. That said, Majapahit power extends to Southeast Asia. Surprisingly, the Kingdom of Padjadjaran on the West Java that "small" can not be conquered by Mahapatih Gadjah Mada's military and policy. According to another source, the Kediri Kingdom at East Java also can not be subdued by Mahapatih Gadjah Mada. At the time it happened to Hayam Wuruk, King Brawijaya II forename, had been being married. Hayam Wuruk's political ambition was to unite the Majapahit Kingdom with Padjadjaran Kingdom Therefore he intended to marry Dyah Pitaloka, daughter of King Siliwangi from Padjadjaran Kingdom. In summary King Siliwangi and Dyah Pitaloka agreed with Hayam Wuruk's desire.


 

Dyah Pitaloka was delivered to Trowulan, the capital of Majapahit, by guards and soldiers Siliwangi on duty. Along the way, Siliwangi Forces that brought Dyah Pitaloka had been intercepted by Mahapatih Gadjah Mada Army. To the leader of Siliwangi soldiers, Mahapatih Gadjah Mada stated that the status of Dyah Pitaloka was "Tribute Princess". That is the kingdom of Padjadjaran subject to the Majapahit Empire and Dyah Pitaloka submitted as a sign of surrender or a tribute.


 

Of course that the leader of Dyah Pitaloka's guard was very angry with the "welcome party" of Majapahit. They realized that Hayam Wuruk sent messengers to King Siliwangi as the two sovereign countries, and did not intend to make Padjadjaran as conquered territories as others. Inevitably war broke out in unequal conditions between them. Siliwangi forces smaller groups because not intended for the purpose of fighting against forces of Gadjah Mada that had proven to becapable of forming empires in Southeast Asia frontally.


 

It was so certain then, who would win in this battle. All the Siliwangi soldiers on the battlefield had died defended the dignity of their people. All of them without exception. This is known as the Battle of Bubat. Dyah Pitaloka carried on a stretcher toward Trowulan by Mahapatih Gadjah Mada. In the stretcher, Dyah Pitalokan sadly cried her soldiers who died defending her and thr dignity of her "nation" which was torn. Finally she decided to commit suicide using "patrem" or small kris normally carried by a duchess.


 

Hayam Wuruk was so embarrassed by this incident, but as I mentioned above, the de facto ruler of Majapahit at the time was Gadjah Mada, he did not dare to protest the actions of Gadjah Mada directly. Come to King Siliwangi at Padjadjaran tantamount to handing the neck to be beheaded. Embodiment of the shame and regret of Hayam Wuruk was then expressed by prohibiting his descendants to marry Sundanese. Indeed, one can imagine the shame experienced by Prabu Brawijaya. It was an embarrassing and distressing events. Is that in fact some families "collective unconscious" on East Java?. Unknowingly they want to prevent the "tragic incident" reoccur.


( photograph by Astungkara Wiguna )


 

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