Wednesday, October 14, 2015

Haze in Indonesia



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Indonesia is having problems with smog or haze. It has happening in Kalimantan and Sumatra. The place where a large oil palm plantations in Indonesia are located. The haze was also disturbing and reaching neighboring countries, such as Malaysia, Thailand and Singapore. Smog occurs because of peatlands in the oil palm plantations on fire.



Slash and Burn


Peat fires caused by slash and burn method that is used to open oil palm plantation. When not using this method, the cost of clearing to some forty-fold. Because it is understandable why the grower using this method. Even with the risk of peat fires that cause smog.



Health problems


,p>The presence of smog over the last few months in Indonesia have caused the population in Borneo and Sumatra have many health impaired. At least not compromised comfort in performing everyday activities. Diseases caused by smog is primarily the upper respiratory tract disorders. There are also other disorders, such as impaired vision.

National Disaster


This incident is definitely a disaster. This disaster is not just a local disaster, but can be seen as a national disaster. However, many educated in Indonesia refuse to call this a national disaster. They even refer to it as negligence that led to the crime. They certainly do not forget that since the mud case in Sidoarjo called a national disaster, then the owner, Aburizal Bakrie, could escape from legal action. Therefore, they reject the case of the haze caused by the negligence of the oil palm plantation companies is called a national disaster.



Society Solidarity


This case evokes the solidarity of the people of Indonesia which are not affected by the hazy smoke. Indonesian citizens either within their own country or who are living abroad soon reached. They organized themselves to receive donations to be realized in the form of protective masks. Because of the usual mask is not enough to protect, so they bought masks purposed for hazy smoke.



Fire Handling


President Jokowi plans to create a canals to address the peat fires. With the canals, it is expected that the water will wet the soil so it would no longer burn. However, there are criticizism in this way. This method is considered too long. There is a faster way, namely by installing tube wells in the fields. Either way, I hope this issue can be resolved soon.




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