Monday, November 17, 2014
My Ideology As A Moslem (III)
The bustled of Mount Merapi has begun to subside. Clearly remains excesses after the eruption. But certainly not as sensational at the early eruptions time. Perhaps this is the right time to continue my story more than before. This isi my last writing about my ideology as an Indonesian Moslem.
I was attending Pesantren Itikaf Ramadan XIII as a regular participant. I followed all the whole series of this event, but, actually my initial intention to attend the event is to listen to the discourse of Yusril Ihza Mahendra about Masjumi on his doctoral dissertation. Actually, there were a lot of things that he described, but in this writing, I could only write just a little portion about it here.
One of the points in the discouse was, Yusril categorized in sharp distinguishing between Modernism Islam and Fundamentalism Islam. Both of them surely having had highly contrasting dichotomy between the both. Pakistan Muslim League led by Mohammad Ali Jinnah is just an example as one of the sensible organization of Islamic Modernism, as well as Masjumi in Indonesia. While Jami'at Islami in Pakistan led by Abul A'la al-Mawdudi and Islamic party PAS in Malaysia are grouped in the group of Islamic Fundamentalism.
Both of them surely have a great similarities. They both believe that the Qur'an and the Sunnah was already perfect that had given to the moslems. They all both believe that the Qur'an is the revelation which are transcendent and not manmade, but truly from the God Almighty. Qur'an and Hadith from the Prophet Muhammad should be used as a way of life or weltanschauung for his followers.
But there are important and significant differences. The Modernist thought that had given by the Qur'an and Sunnah is surely the basic principles. To aplicate it on the community efforts and require interpretations and dialogues with large ideas appearing in the community. Therefore, there used to be an attempt in dialoging between Islam and socialism as had done by HOS Tjokroaminoto and other Islamic thinkers along the history of Indonesia.
In contrast with the Fundamentalists, they believe that the Qur'an and Sunnah had been perfect (In this case just the same as the Modernists). Everything is provided by the Qur'an and Sunnah so that no or less required interpretation or dialogue with big ideas on the growing world community. For them, the world is divided into Nidzam al Islami (the Islamic system) and Nidzam al Jahili (Jahiliyyah System). Abul A'la al Maududi said so, then followed by Sayyid Qutb as well.
Yusril told us that he had been arguing sharply with the men of PAS in Malaysia and the debate was not finished. Finally, Yusril asked the men of PAS, were they dare to pass judgment that people who resign from the PAS is apostasy, leaving Islam, and they did not dare to do so. But around the years of thirties Jami'at Islamic once said that people who resign from the Jami'at Islamic is the apostate. Thus the dialogue that occurs between Modernism Islam and Fundamentalism Islam. And I think something like that will never ending between the both of understandings.
It is lso usual that the modernist intellectually socialized in the western. Such as Muhammad Natsir in Indonesia or Muhammad Ali Jinnah in Pakistan. While the fundamentalists usually less intellectually socialized in the western, such as Abul A'la al Maududi in Pakistan or Kartosuwiryo and Isa Ansari here. It was possible factors that also affect their Islamic understanding.
So, finally I found my place myself on the religion life on my campus. I could be classified as likely to have a Modernist understanding vis a vis that my friends which were campus students propaganda activists tended to sympathize with the thinking of Fundamentalist. Just as that simple.
Some of my friends had the idea to create a group that could rival campus student propaganda activist, but I was less interested. To me those flags is already a great deal, ... why would we form a new group. campus student propaganda activist groups organized nationally. They are huge. After the reforms at the end of nineties decade they can form a party and attending elections in this country.
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